University Moscow, U.S.S.R.; Civil Engineering College, B.S., 1975; The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, M.A., 1983
Law School Rutgers University School of Law, Newark, J.D., 1986
Admitted 1986, New Jersey and U.S. District Court, District of New Jersey; 1989, District of Columbia; 1995, New York; 1998, U.S. District Court Southern and Eastern District of New York; 2003, U.S. Supreme Court
Memberships New York State, New Jersey State and American Bar Associations.
Languages English, Russian